Artists

Antonio Pappano

Conductor

Boulez Ensemble
Claudius Popp

Violoncello

Program

Paul Hindemith

Theme with four Variations for Piano and Strings "The Four Temperaments"

Johannes Brahms

Sonata for Violoncello and Piano in E minor Op. 38

Franz Schreker

Chamber Symphony for 23 Instruments

Approximate running time: 1h 15m without intermission

The program of Sir Antonio Pappano and the Boulez Ensemble pairs two rarely performed compositions of the 20th century: Hindemith’s Theme and Four Variations is inspired by the “Four Temperaments” theory of antiquity, which defined character types as either sanguine, choleric, melancholic, or phlegmatic. Schreker’s single-movement Chamber Symphony was written in response to Schoenberg’s work of the same title. For Brahms’s E-minor Cello Sonata, Pappano is joined by Claudius Popp.